It’s a no brainer that the newest meltdown in cryptocurrency markets is dealing a blow to associated companies. That means this week most likely wasn’t the very best time for an IPO for Nano Labs Ltd. (NASDAQ:NA), a designer of chips utilized in cryptocurrency mining computer systems.
Nano Labs made its buying and selling debut on the Nasdaq on Tuesday after selling about 1.8 million American depository shares (ADSs) for $11.50 every in an IPO that raised about $20 million. The stock rose almost 4.8% on its first day of buying and selling, it what seemed like a promising begin. But then it tumbled 27% on its second day, hinting on the form of curler coaster experience the shares are prone to see within the months forward on account of excessive volatility within the business the place it operates.
The IPO pricing was close to the highest of the corporate’s goal vary of $11.35-$11.51, although the Hangzhou-based firm was pressured to slash its unique fundraising purpose by about half. Those blended alerts appeared to point out U.S. buyers have been changing into extra constructive on China shares as many uncertainties which have dogged the group during the last 12 months present indicators of resolving. But on the identical time, the stock is being shadowed by its cryptocurrency publicity.
On the entire, the IPO’s final result is not too dangerous within the grand scheme of issues. It got here on the heels of a spectacular collapse of crypto asset values, which is dangerous information for Nano Labs since its fortunes are tied to demand for crypto mining machines that use its chips. Sales of Nano Labs’ merchandise could enhance when crypto markets are scorching and mining machines are in demand. But the other can happen when the values of digital money drop sharply, making mining much less worthwhile.
Nano Labs was based in 2019 by a former chairman and a director of Canaan Inc. (CAN), a maker of crypto mining machines. Nano Labs solely designs chips and outsources their manufacturing to third-party foundries, a standard enterprise mannequin amongst chip makers that concentrate on the higher-margin enterprise of product design and go away the extremely capital-intensive work of producing to specialists like Taiwan’s TSMC (TSM) (2330.TW).
Last 12 months, Nano Labs’ gross sales elevated greater than 18-fold because it ramped up manufacturing. But its annual income remains to be tiny, at simply in regards to the equal of $6 million. That determine was simply dwarfed by the corporate’s working bills which exceeded $27 million, the majority of which have been for analysis and improvement.
Heavy spending on product improvement is not an unusual or perhaps a dangerous factor for brand spanking new know-how firms like Nano Labs. Instead, the corporate’s downside lies in its heavy dependence on chips used to mine a lesser-known digital currency named Grin.
Cryptocurrency costs are likely to fluctuate wildly typically, and small cash like Grin are much more risky than better-established names like Bitcoin. As not too long ago as May 2019, a unit of Grin was valued at greater than $6, with its day by day buying and selling quantity exceeding $50 million. Those figures could look humble. But take into account this – the digital coin is not even value $0.10 now, and fewer than $100,000 value of the currency now modifications palms on a typical day.
In a diversification drive, Nano Labs started transport new chips used to mine different crypto cash, together with Bitcoin and Ethereum this 12 months. But that does not actually mitigate the danger of its cryptocurrency publicity, since all digital asset costs have a tendency to maneuver in tandem.
To ease that threat, a few of China’s different crypto-related firms wish to diversify their companies. For instance, crypto mining machine maker Ebang International (EBON) is trying to arrange overseas change or remittance outlets in Hong Kong as its U.S.-listed stock faces delisting after buying and selling under $1 for a chronic interval.
Pivot to metaverse
Nano Labs can also be eyeing its personal pivot into different areas to scale back its crypto publicity. In this case, the corporate is popping to the metaverse, which has turn out to be a buzzword since Facebook modified its title to Meta (META) final 12 months. The metaverse in its most simple definition is a mixture of digital and bodily worlds the place individuals work together with others by avatars. The idea is all the fad now as a result of its potential functions appear infinite, offering immersive digital venues for individuals to do something from taking part in video games to holding concert events.
The international market for metaverse-related applied sciences is anticipated to develop at a compound annual price of greater than 50% over the following eight years, reaching $1.6 trillion by 2030, in keeping with Precedence Research.
The complicated nature of the metaverse means constructing and working digital worlds for the idea would require numerous computing energy, fueling a possible surge for highly effective new chips. That’s the place Nano Labs sees new alternatives.
“I am earnestly confident that the metaverse will open a new era for humankind. To this end, it is my intention that Nano Labs will be committed to developing the power of the metaverse and walking among the key players to help the world explore and cognize the metaverse,” stated Nano Labs CEO Kong Jianping in a letter included within the firm’s IPO prospectus.
But believing the metaverse will take off within the subsequent few years may be a mistake. Morningstar has warned that every one the hype in regards to the metaverse will not materialize within the subsequent 5 to 10 years, which is able to create a glut of chips. Semiconductor large Intel (INTC) has additionally cautioned that the world wants a 1,000-fold enhance in collective computing capability to construct the required infrastructure for the metaverse. That’ll take numerous time – and energy – to attain.
Even if a metaverse-fueled chip increase does occur, giant semiconductor producers, slightly than small fabless gamers like Nano Labs, are more than likely to achieve the house as a result of excessive diploma of sophistication wanted for such merchandise.
Nano Labs’ minnow-like gross sales imply its stock was valued at a lofty price-to-sales (P/S) ratio of 107, based mostly on Monday’s closing value. That compares with a ratio of lower than 1 for the far bigger Canaan and a a number of of barely greater than 2 for Ebang. Nano Labs’ P/S ratio may come down sharply if the corporate can proceed to sharply enhance gross sales every year.
Nano Labs stock is especially vulnerable to volatility as a result of solely about 6% of its excellent shares have been offered within the IPO, which means the corporate’s pool of tradable shares is kind of small. That could make the stock hypersensitive to any occasion or information, good or dangerous. That means the stock may turn out to be fairly risky within the months forward on account of its ties to cryptocurrencies – one thing that was all too obvious based mostly on the large selloff on its second buying and selling day.
Editor’s Note: The abstract bullets for this text have been chosen by Seeking Alpha editors.