Stablecoins Cryptocurrency: A Complete Guide


Cryptocurrency, together with bitcoin, has one main downside for traders: it’s extremely risky. A type of crypto with its worth tied to a currency or commodity, nonetheless, reduces this concern.

Enter stablecoins: a sort of digital currency with better worth stability than bitcoin and non-stable alt-coins as a result of they’re tied to the U.S. greenback, the worth of gold or one other commodity or currency.

How Stablecoins Maintain Relative Price Stability

Stablecoins keep worth stability by preserving their worth tied, or pegged, to a different, extra steady type of currency or real-world asset.

Historical Comparison

This methodology for assigning worth to currency has been used traditionally. Prior to 1971, the worth of the U.S. greenback was tied to gold bars held by the U.S. Treasury, largely within the Bullion Depository in Fort Knox, Kentucky.

In 1971, president Richard Nixon eradicated the “gold standard,” and the U.S. greenback grew to become fiat currency, which holds worth as a result of it’s established as authorized tender by the federal government. Basically, the U.S. greenback has worth as a result of the federal government says it has worth and international locations and folks around the globe settle for its worth.

Stablecoins Today

Stablecoins, just like the U.S. greenback previous to the introduction of fiat currency, peg their worth to commodities, equivalent to gold or silver, fiat currencies and even different cryptocurrencies. Stablecoins may also be backed by a wide range of investments. The builders of stablecoins maintain an equal quantity of that commodity, whether or not it’s gold or fiat currency or a mixture, in collateral.

In the case of stablecoins pegged to different types of crypto, they may maintain an extra of the cryptocurrency in collateral to compensate for the volatility of that cryptocurrency.

Algorithmic Stablecoins: Not As Stable As You Might Think

Some stablecoins decide their worth with refined software program algorithms. While these stablecoins are pegged to a real-world asset, they aren’t truly backed by one, which makes them a riskier funding than different stablecoins.

One algorithmic stablecoin, TerraLab’s Luna, just lately misplaced all of its worth, subsequently dragging down the worth of bitcoin and alt-coin in a crash that sparked the present crypto winter. “Not all stablecoins are stable,” Nasdaq wrote.

But, if you’re in search of a steady funding that means that you can simply carry out digital transactions, you would possibly think about making stablecoins — backed by belongings of some type — a part of your portfolio.

Why Stablecoins Are Important

Bitcoin and alt-coins are likely to have large worth fluctuations. For occasion, bitcoin dropped from near $65,000 per coin all the way down to $23,452 per coin between December 2021 and July 2022 in the latest crypto winter. Daily worth fluctuations can also end in large losses.

For traders wanting to make use of cryptocurrencies as a medium of change, this creates numerous threat. If you make an settlement to buy an merchandise for one bitcoin, as an example, you could possibly pay anyplace from $24,000 USD as much as $60,000 USD. And worth modifications can occur shortly. For occasion, bitcoin misplaced practically $600 in simply two hours on July 25, 2022.

That’s only a change of two.65%. For a buy-and-hold investor, that sort of loss or acquire could not make an enormous distinction of their portfolio. But when you had been trying to buy an merchandise utilizing bitcoin, a $600 worth distinction is substantial. If you went to a automobile dealership and, simply as you had been about to signal the deal, the vendor elevated the worth in your automobile by $600 or $1,200, you’d in all probability be indignant.

Of course, you possibly can all the time buy items and companies utilizing fiat money just like the U.S. greenback for worth stability. But proponents of digital currency and decentralized finance see an vital function for stablecoins as a method of change for items and companies, crypto lending and extra.

Stablecoins are sometimes used as a method of decreasing transaction charges when buying and selling different types of cryptocurrency, since many exchanges don’t cost charges to change U.S. {dollars} for stablecoins.

The Most Popular Stablecoins

Stablecoins can be utilized as a medium of change for cross-border transactions and in any case the place the events would favor to make use of decentralized finance (DeFi) slightly than conventional banks to change money.

These are a number of the high stablecoins, primarily based on market capitalization, recognition and general perceived stability.


Tether (USDT) is a stablecoin pegged to the U.S. greenback. It is presently the highest stablecoin primarily based on market cap, in keeping with CoinMarketCap.

Tether is backed by a wide range of commodities, together with gold, U.S. fiat currency and money equal investments. It is extensively used on many crypto exchanges.

USD Coin

USD Coin (USDC) is the second largest stablecoin by market cap and is pegged to the U.S. greenback. It launched in 2018 as a collaboration between crypto change Coinbase and Circle, a peer-to-peer funds firm.

USDC has partnered with Visa and Mastercard as a viable fee methodology. It is supported throughout many well-liked blockchains, together with Ethereum, additional lending to its sensible use.

Binance USD

Ranked third primarily based on market cap, Binance USD is a stablecoin launched by the crypto change platform Binance and Paxos, a blockchain developer and proponent of decentralized finance. Like USDC, it’s backed by U.S. fiat currency.

Final Take

Stablecoins have many makes use of in in the present day’s economic system, together with a means for individuals who are threat averse to take part in decentralized finance actions. Stablecoins can also play a job in blockchain-based gaming and monetary actions within the metaverse.

There are many various kinds of stablecoins and you should buy the preferred stablecoins on crypto exchanges like Binance and Coinbase.


  • Is bitcoin a stablecoin?
    • Bitcoin isn’t a stablecoin. It was the primary digital currency however isn’t backed by real-world belongings or collateral. Bitcoin’s present volatility exemplifies the distinction between bitcoin and stablecoins.
  • How many stablecoins are there?
    • The Blockchain Council launched an entire record of stablecoins in 2022. CBS News reported that there are roughly 200 types of stablecoins on this planet, with a complete market worth of $163 billion.
  • Are stablecoins a superb funding?
    • Stablecoins have much less volatility than different cryptocurrencies, making them a much less dangerous funding for individuals who wish to combine digital currencies into their portfolio. However, their worth will all the time be tied to particular currency or belongings.
    • Some could present curiosity funds or be used for crypto lending, as properly, making them helpful for passive earnings. Stablecoins are additionally helpful to attenuate or keep away from transaction charges whenever you’re buying and selling different types of crypto.

This article initially appeared on
Stablecoins Cryptocurrency: A Complete Guide

The views and opinions expressed herein are the views and opinions of the writer and don’t essentially mirror these of Nasdaq, Inc.

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