What Boards and C-suites Need to Consider Post-IPO


With a strong pipeline for preliminary public choices (IPOs), corporations want to guarantee they’re prepared not just for itemizing day, but in addition for committing to annual governance necessities by the lens of ESG as soon as they enter the general public markets. In a rising development, there’s been an uptick in company sustainability transparency, variety, equity and inclusion, as regulatory reporting continues to evolve, which suggests the demand for strong and complete sustainability governance concerns is extra necessary than ever.

In the second a part of this two-part sequence, we discover what C-suites and board administrators want to learn about key annual governance concerns as a public firm. Following our pre-IPO guidelines, outlining concerns that an organization ought to take into consideration finishing forward of a profitable IPO, Business Combination or Direct Listing, we now delve into what public corporations want to do yearly to guarantee compliance with listings guidelines and rules:

Committee Composition and Schedule

  • Review committee membership and phrases, in addition to variety of expertise and views, to decide acceptable committee composition, refreshment and management. This evaluation must be achieved in collaboration with the Nominating and ESG/Governance Committee. This evaluation ought to happen following the Annual Meeting and, if attainable, in reference to the Board Strategy Meeting. 
  • Create and evaluation a committee calendar, establishing matters and assembly cadence whereas figuring out any adjustments. Your calendar ought to decide timing and establish the group or particular person in control of every follow-up merchandise from every committee assembly. It also needs to be clear what the follow-up merchandise entails, when it’s anticipated by and when will probably be offered to the Committee. Assign one group to take duty for updating the calendar and monitoring the standing of completion notations frequently.
  • Review the committee constitution and contemplate updates primarily based on rising tendencies and suggestions from institutional traders and proxy advisors.
  • Develop a forward-looking agenda within the board portal, highlighting any adjustments and additions. This ought to clarify precisely what stakeholders must be contemplating and discussing within the present interval.
  • Consider the outcomes of the annual Committee Assessment and develop an motion plan with objectives for enchancment.


  • Plan for the corporate’s disclosure on compensation-related issues, contemplating and reviewing all foundational paperwork associated to pay or human capital disclosures. Incorporate into disclosures suggestions and ideas from the annual Say-on-Pay advisory vote and engagement session suggestions from institutional traders and proxy advisors.
  • Consider the mixing of compensation disclosures throughout all codecs, together with the corporate’s Form 10K, Proxy and Sustainability Report, to guarantee constant reporting.
  • Seek enter from administration or an exterior compensation guide for greatest practices on pay and human capital administration disclosures.
  • Determine any further reporting primarily based on worldwide operations.

Emerging Trends

  • Understand institutional traders and proxy voting corporations’ insurance policies and views on rising governance points, notably ESG, human capital administration (HCM), cybersecurity and provide chain, in addition to their inclusion in metrics related to compensation applications.
  • Clarify and outline the position/duty of every company committees’ position in addressing rising matters, together with ESG, HCM, government compensation, and coordination with different Committees.
  • Agree on how rising points will probably be tracked and reported to the company committees and the board, for instance, by a dashboard in a board portal, akin to Nasdaq Boardvantage. This will streamline the notification course of throughout stakeholders. 

Risk Profile

  • Ensure board and different company committees are knowledgeable on rising points and growing rules which will affect the corporate compensation program.
  • Perform annual threat evaluation of pay applications and evaluation the extent to which incentive applications might encourage undue risk-taking earlier than sharing with the Audit Committee. 

Company-specific Pay Programs

  • Evaluate government compensation program elements, together with alignment with firm mission, values and stakeholder experiences, in addition to effectiveness in attracting and retaining executives.
  • Conduct a realizable pay evaluation to present a extra correct view of the particular worth of compensation delivered to executives.
  • Consider firm efficiency and the way it might have an effect on payouts, both instantly or by discretion. Evaluate the use and affect of discretionary payouts.
  • Evaluate and contemplate adjustments to the compensation program design, construction or metrics primarily based on rising points.
  • Evaluate and mannequin proxy advisor and institutional investor assessments of the corporate’s compensation program and payouts.
  • Update all board members on the suggestions and points raised at shareholder engagement periods, particularly on compensation-related shareholder issues. Discuss and be ready to handle any issues.
  • Review Shareholder Proposals on rising points, akin to ESG, human capital administration and government compensation, and contemplate the corporate’s response and affect. Review compensation friends’ experiences with comparable proposals.

Thorough and high-quality evaluation of suggestions from earlier annual conferences and preparation for the upcoming proxy season with particular care to sustainability is vital for firm traders to successfully consider the efficiency indicators affecting enterprise threat and valuation. Reporting requirements on this space are repeatedly evolving and might be difficult for corporates to navigate. Well-structured and simply readable reporting on all elements of ESG is paramount for annual governance assessments by stockholders, stakeholders and proxy advisors.

Nasdaq is right here to accomplice with corporations at each stage of their lifecycle and supply help from IPO day, by the planning interval, and onto proxy season 12 months after 12 months. Whether an organization goes public through conventional IPO, Business Combination, or Direct Listing, they face new and distinctive challenges within the public markets. Based on our greater than 5 a long time of expertise, these are the vital governance concerns that corporations ought to contemplate yearly to assist them obtain success within the public markets and past.

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